Covalent bonding occurs when pairs of electrons are shared by atoms. Atoms will covalently bond with other atoms in order to gain more stability, which is gained by forming a full electron shell. By sharing their outer most (valence) electrons, atoms can fill up their outer electron shell and gain stability.
What is the result of a covalent bond?
covalent bond, in chemistry, the interatomic linkage that results from the sharing of an electron pair between two atoms. The binding arises from the electrostatic attraction of their nuclei for the same electrons.
What bonds are the result of sharing electrons?
When electrons are shared between two atoms, they make a bond called a covalent bond. Because two atoms are sharing one pair of electrons, this covalent bond is called a single bond.
Covalent bonds are a class of chemical bonds where valence electrons are shared between two atoms, typically two nonmetals. The formation of a covalent bond allows the nonmetals to obey the octet rule and thus become more stable. For example: A fluorine atom has seven valence electrons.
Covalent bonding occurs when electrons are shared between atoms. Double and triple covalent bonds occur when four or six electrons are shared between two atoms, and they are indicated in Lewis structures by drawing two or three lines connecting one atom to another.
triple bond, in chemistry, a covalent linkage in which two atoms share three pairs of electrons, as in the nitrogen molecule, N2, or acetylene, C2H2.
Covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons between atoms. This type of bonding occurs between two atoms of the same element or of elements close to each other in the periodic table. … To form ionic bonds, Carbon molecules must either gain or lose 4 electrons.
What is electron sharing?
Electron ‘sharing’ occurs when the electrons in the outermost electron shell, or valence shell electrons, from one atom can be used to complete the outermost electron shell of another atom without being permanently transferred, as occurs in the formation of an ion.
A covalent bond is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. These electron pairs are known as shared pairs or bonding pairs, and the stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms, when they share electrons, is known as covalent bonding.
What electrons are transferred?
The attraction between oppositely charged ions is called an ionic bond, and it is one of the main types of chemical bonds in chemistry. Ionic bonds are caused by electrons transferring from one atom to another.
Why are electrons shown in pairs?
It is due to the fact that even though electrons have negative charge they are bound to the nucleus by the attraction force from the nucleus and thus they have to somehow be around the nucleus and at the same time be in the lowest possible energy situation.
S = N – A. S = shared electrons : total number of electrons that will be shared and therefore are the bonding electrons. Divide “S” by 2 and you’ll have the number of bonds (lines) in the structure. N = needed electrons : needed is based on the octet rule which is 8 electrons for all atoms except hydrogen which is 2.
What is a covalent bond involving two pairs of electrons?
A double covalent bond is a covalent bond formed by atoms that share two pairs of electrons. The double covalent bond that occurs between the two carbon atoms in ethane can also be represented by a structural formula and with a molecular model as shown below.
How do you know if a covalent bond is single double or triple?
If the shared number is one pair of electrons, the bond will be a single bond, whereas if two atoms bonded by two pairs (four electrons), it will form a double bond. Triple bonds are formed by sharing three pairs (six atoms) of electrons. These sharing electrons are commonly known as valence electrons.
In chemistry, a single bond is a chemical bond between two atoms involving two valence electrons. That is, the atoms share one pair of electrons where the bond forms.