Why Companies Issue Bonus Shares? Bonus shares are issued by a company when it is not able to pay a dividend to its shareholders due to shortage of funds in spite of earning good profits for that quarter. In such a situation, the company issues bonus shares to its existing shareholders instead of paying dividend.
A company issues bonus shares to increase liquidity of the stock and increase participation of investors. Secondly, the stock price drops to a reasonable range post a bonus issue, which makes it affordable for investors to purchase more shares.
11.3 – Bonus Issue
A bonus issue is a stock dividend, allotted by the company to reward the shareholders. The bonus shares are issued out of the reserves of the company. … When the bonus shares are issued, the number of shares the shareholder holds will increase, but an investment’s overall value will remain the same.
Is bonus issue good or bad?
Bonus issues don’t weaken shareholders’ value, since they are given to existing shareholders in a steady proportion that keeps the overall value of every shareholder equivalent to before the issue. It is helpful for the drawn-out shareholders of the company who need to expand their venture.
Why does company give bonus?
Often bonuses are provided because that’s what the market tells companies to do. … But the main reason employers are drawn to bonuses is because they encourage employees to work hard to help the company succeed. “They want to align incentives—like, ‘You do well if the company does well,’” says Dehejia.
The investor can sell shares before the bonus date and pay LTCG tax and buy the shares from the market once the bonus issue is over. But if s/he holds on to the stock, s/he will need to pay a higher tax. Don’t rush to sell the shares of a company in your portfolio if it announces a bonus.
In India, the delivery of shares into a Demat account takes place after 2 days from the trading date. All existing shareholders before the ex-date and record date are eligible to receive bonus shares issued by a company. However, to qualify to receive bonus shares, the company stocks must be bought before the ex-date.
Because issuing bonus shares increases the issued share capital of the company, the company is perceived as being bigger than it really is, making it more attractive to investors. In addition, increasing the number of outstanding shares decreases the stock price, making the stock more affordable for retail investors.
The disadvantages of issuing bonus shares are:
- To the company – as issue of this may lead to increase in capital of the company.
- Shareholder expect existing rate dividend per share to continue.
- It also prevents the new investors from becoming the shareholders of the company.
Bonus shares are an additional number of shares given by the company to its existing shareholders as “BONUS” when they are not in the position to pay a dividend to its shareholders despite earning decent profits for that quarter.
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Can a company take away a bonus?
The laws governing discretionary bonuses
Discretion – Discretion must be exercised rationally – an employer cannot legally remove a bonus if it can be proven that the employee had earned it. … This was found to be discriminatory and unjustified, even though the bonus was discretionary in the first place.
Are bonuses taxed?
A bonus is always a welcome bump in pay, but it’s taxed differently from regular income. Instead of adding it to your ordinary income and taxing it at your top marginal tax rate, the IRS considers bonuses to be “supplemental wages” and levies a flat 22 percent federal withholding rate.